Teacher candidates seeking licensure in Virginia are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher’s assessments prescribed by the State Board of Education. Up to four tests are required for graduation and licensure, depending upon the program: (1) Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Test (or equivalent), (2) Praxis Subject Assessments, (3) Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA), and (4) Reading for Virginia Educators (RVE) assessment. Please code William & Mary as a school recipient on all tests.
(1) Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Tests
Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Tests (Praxis Core) measure academic skills in reading, writing, and mathematics. The Praxis Core exam is a program requirement. Students will not be allowed to student teach if they have not passed the Praxis Core. Additional information can be found on the ETS website.
Praxis Core consists of three assessments, which are presented in the table below. The Virginia Department of Education has established the following passing scores for each test:
Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educator Tests
|Test Code||Passing Score|
SAT/ACT Waiver: There are three alternate means by which a teacher candidate may meet the Praxis Core requirement in lieu of taking the full battery of tests.
- SAT Qualifying Score Option: The following qualifying scores serve as a substitute test for the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Test.
- Taken prior to April 1, 1995: a score of 1000 with at least 450 on the verbal and 510 on the mathematics tests;
- Taken on or After April 1, 1995 and prior to March 1, 2016: a score of 1100 with at least 530 on the verbal and 530 on the mathematics tests;
- Taken on or after March 1, 2016: a total score of 1170 with at least 580 on the evidence-based reading and writing section and 560 on the math section.
- ACT Qualifying Score Option: A composite score of 24 on the ACT may be substituted for Praxis Core if taken after April 1, 1995, with the ACT mathematics score no less than 22 and the ACT English plus Reading scores no less than 46. A composite score of 21 may be substituted, if taken prior to April 1, 1995, with the ACT mathematics score no less than 21 and the ACT English plus Reading scores no less than 37.
- VCLA Qualifying Score combined with a Qualifying Score on the Mathematics Subtest of Praxis Core: A composite score of 470 on the VCLA may be paired with a qualifying scores on the mathematics portion of the Praxis Core mathematics subtest (minimum 150).
(2) Praxis Subject Assessments
The Praxis Subject Assessments measure knowledge of specific K-12 subject areas. The Praxis Subject Assessment is a program and licensure requirement for elementary, secondary, Foreign Language (except Latin), and ESL/Bilingual Education PK-12. It must be taken in your teaching endorsement area and is content specific. Sample questions and information about each Praxis Series Test are available on the ETS website.
The Virginia Department of Education has established the following passing scores for each test:
|Test Code||Passing Scores||Endorsement Area|
|Biology: Content Knowledge||5235||155||Biology|
|Chemistry: Content Knowledge||5245||153||Chemistry|
|Earth & Space Sciences: Content Knowledge||5571||156||Earth Science|
|Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5001): To register for all four subjects at one time register for 5001.|
|Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5002): Reading and Language Arts (Must take all 4 subtests at one time)||5002||157||Elementary Education
|Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5003): Mathematics (Must take all 4 subtests at one time)||5003||157||Elementary Education
|Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5004): Social Studies (Must take all 4 subtests at one time)||5004||155||Elementary Education
|Elementary Education Multiple Subjects (5005): Science (Must take all 4 subtests at one time)||5005||159||Elementary Education
|English Language Arts: Content Knowledge||5038||167||English|
|English as a Second or Other Language (ESOL)||5362||149||English as a Second Language
|French: World Language||5174||163||French|
|German: World Language||5183||163||German|
|Mathematics: Content Knowledge||5161||160||Mathematics|
|Physics: Content Knowledge||5265||147||Physics|
|Social Studies: Content Knowledge||5081||161||History & Social Sciences|
|Spanish: World Language||5195||168||Spanish|
(3) Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA)
The Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA) is a test of communication, reading, and writing skills. The VCLA must be taken and passed for purposes of program completion and for Virginia licensure in the elementary, secondary, foreign language, and special education programs.
The scaled passing scores for the VCLA are at least 235 for the reading subtest and 235 for the writing subtest OR a composite score of 470 for the assessment.
Test scores sent to W&M by Pearson cannot be used for licensure. You must make a copy and submit to OTECE. Refer to the VCLA website for more information about the test content, taking the VCLA online, test dates, costs, registration, and accommodations for individuals with disabilities.
(4) Reading for Virginia Educators (RVE)
The Reading for Virginia Educators (RVE) assessment is a test of teacher candidates’ knowledge of reading instruction. The RVE must be taken and passed both for program completion and for Virginia licensure in the elementary and special education programs. Test Code 5306 is for individuals seeking initial licensure in elementary education or special education. Test Code 5304 is for individuals seeking an endorsement as a Reading Specialist.
The cut scores for the Reading for Virginia Educators (RVE) assessment are as follows:
- Elementary and Special Education: 157
- Reading Specialists: 162
Refer to the website for more information about the test content, costs, registration, and accommodations.
Additional Requirements for Virginia Teacher Licensure
Details about all initial licensure requirements can be found on the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) website.
Virginia Child Abuse Recognition & Reporting Requirement
Teacher candidates seeking licensure in Virginia must complete training in Child Abuse Recognition and Reporting. Teacher candidates who take and pass EDUC 310 or EDUC F11 meet this requirement. If a teacher candidate is exempted from EDUC 310 or EDUC F11 for any reason, he or she must contact the OTECE in order to arrange a training module in these competencies.
Teacher candidates seeking licensure in Virginia must complete a study in dyslexia awareness training on the indicators of dyslexia and the evidence-based interventions and accommodations for dyslexia. Teacher candidates who take and pass EDUC 302/CRIN E22 (Elementary) or EDUC 312/CRIN S50 (Secondary) or CRIN X51 (Special Education) meet this requirement. If a teacher candidate is exempted from the course in their program for any reason, he or she must contact the OTECE in order to arrange a training module in these competencies.
CPR/AED/First Aid Training
Teacher candidates seeking initial licensure in Virginia must provide evidence of completion of certification in emergency first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and the use of automated external defibrillators (AED). Certification must be based on the current national emergency cardiovascular care guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator, such as programs developed by the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, and the American Safety and Health Institute. CPR training must include “hands on” training. Evidence of certification must be presented to the Manager of Clinical Placements and Licensure as part of the Virginia licensure application.