Directory Page Title

James H. Stronge

Heritage Professor

Office: 3120
Phone: (757) 221-2339
Email: [[jhstro]]
Areas of Expertise: Teacher and leader effectiveness, Teacher and leader evaluation, Teacher selection, Human resource leadership, International comparative schooling related to school and educator effectiveness


James H. Stronge is a Heritage Professor of Education, a distinguished professorship, at William & Mary. He teaches doctoral courses within the Educational Policy, Planning, and Leadership Department, with a particular focus on teacher and leader effectiveness, human resource leadership, legal issues in education, and research design. Additionally, in conjunction with others, his work at William & Mary has led to externally-funded grants of contracts totaling more than $28,000,000 to date.

Dr. Stronge’s research interests include policy and practice related to teacher quality and effectiveness, teacher and administrator evaluation, and teacher selection. He has worked with numerous state departments of education, school districts, and national and international educational organizations to design and implement evaluation and hiring systems for teachers, administrators, and support personnel. Recently, he completed work on new teacher and principal evaluation systems for American international schools in conjunction with the Association of American Schools in South America and supported by the U.S. Department of State. Stronge has made more than 350 presentations at regional, national, and international conferences, and conducted workshops for educational organizations extensively throughout the U.S. and internationally. Among his current research projects are: 1) international comparative studies of national award-winning teachers in the United States and China, and 2) influences of economic and societal trends on student academic performance in countries globally. His most recent books include What Makes a World-Class School and How We Can Get There (2017, ASCD), Qualities of Effective Teachers, 3rd Ed. (2018, ASCD), Qualities of Effective Principals, 2nd Ed. (2021, ASCD), and International Beliefs and Practices that Characterize Teacher Effectiveness (co-editor) (2021, IGI Global).

Stronge has authored, co-authored, or edited 34 books and more than 200 articles, chapters, and technical reports. He was a founding member of the board of directors for the Consortium for Research on Educational Assessment and Teacher Effectiveness, and was selected as the 2012 national recipient of the Millman Award from CREATE in recognition of his work in the field of teacher and administrator evaluation.

Ph.D. in Educational Administration and Planning, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1983 

M.A. in Guidance and Counseling, University of Alabama, Birmingham, 1976
B.S. in Secondary Education (History and English), University of Alabama, Birmingham, 1974 

Activities and Honors

Jason Millman Scholar, Consortium for Research on Educational Assessment and Teacher Effectiveness, 2012

Frank E. Floral Lamp of Knowledge Award, Virginia Association of Secondary School Principals, 2011

Named Honorary Faculty, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, 2009

Finalist, Carnegie Corporation Scholars Program Fellowship, 2001

Elected to Founding Board of Directors for Consortium for Educational Accountability and Teacher Evaluation, 1995 (national organization designed to address issues related to personnel evaluation in education)

American Library Association Outstanding Academic Book Award for Educating homeless children and adolescents: Evaluating policy and practice, 1992

Lilly Endowment Faculty Fellowship, Bradley University, 1987-1989

Nominated for Burlington Northern Outstanding Young Faculty Award for Research, Bradley University, 1988

Most Outstanding Student Award, Area of Administration and Planning, College of Education, The University of Alabama, 1983

Selected Publications

Selected Books:
Stronge J. H., & Xu, X. (2021). Qualities of effective principals (2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. ((Note: Earlier edition of book published in Indonesian and Vietnamese)

Grant, L.W., Stronge, J.H., & Xu, X. Eds. (2021). Teacher effectiveness: An international perspective. Hersey, PA: IGI Global. (edited volume)

Stronge J. H. (2018). Qualities of effective teachers (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. (Note: Earlier editions of book published in Arabic, Korean, Mandarin Chinese, Italian, Indonesian, Vietnamese)

Stronge J. H. (2017). World-class schools: What are they and can we get there? Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Grant, L.W., Stronge, J. H., Xu, X., Popp, P., Sun, Y., & Little, C. A. (2014). West meets east: Best practices from expert teachers in the U.S. and China. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Stronge, J. H. (1992). Educating homeless children and adolescents: Evaluation, policy, and practice (Ed. and contribution chapter author). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. (Note: Winner of American Library Association Outstanding Academic Book Award)

Selected chapters and articles:
Stronge, J.H., Grant, L.W., & Xu, X. (2021 updated). Teacher evaluation and teacher effectiveness. In L. Meyer (Ed.). Oxford bibliographies in education. Oxford University Press.

Stronge, J. H., Ward, T. J., & Grant, L. W. (2011). What makes good teachers good? A cross-case analysis of the connection between teacher effectiveness and student achievement. Journal of Teacher Education, 62(4), 339-355.

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