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James H. Stronge

Heritage Professor

Office: 3120
Phone: (757) 221-2339
Email: [[jhstro]]
Areas of Expertise: Teacher and leader effectiveness, Teacher and leader evaluation, Teacher selection, Human resource leadership, International comparative schooling related to school and educator effectiveness


James H. Stronge is a Heritage Professor of Education, a distinguished professorship, at William & Mary. He teaches doctoral courses within the Educational Policy, Planning, and Leadership Department, with a particular focus on teacher and leader effectiveness, human resource leadership, legal issues in education, and research design. Additionally, in conjunction with others, his work at William & Mary has led to externally-funded grants of contracts totaling more than $28,000,000 to date.

Dr. Stronge’s research interests include policy and practice related to teacher quality and effectiveness, teacher and administrator evaluation, and teacher selection. He has worked with numerous state departments of education, school districts, and national and international educational organizations to design and implement evaluation and hiring systems for teachers, administrators, and support personnel. Recently, he completed work on new teacher and principal evaluation systems for American international schools in conjunction with the Association of American Schools in South America and supported by the U.S. Department of State. Stronge has made more than 350 presentations at regional, national, and international conferences, and conducted workshops for educational organizations extensively throughout the U.S. and internationally. Among his current research projects are: 1) international comparative studies of national award-winning teachers in the United States and China, and 2) influences of economic and societal trends on student academic performance in countries globally. His most recent books include What Makes a World-Class School and How We Can Get There (2017, ASCD), Qualities of Effective Teachers, 3rd Ed. (2018, ASCD), Qualities of Effective Principals, 2nd Ed. (2021, ASCD), and International Beliefs and Practices that Characterize Teacher Effectiveness (co-editor) (2021, IGI Global).

Stronge has authored, co-authored, or edited 34 books and more than 200 articles, chapters, and technical reports. He was a founding member of the board of directors for the Consortium for Research on Educational Assessment and Teacher Effectiveness, and was selected as the 2012 national recipient of the Millman Award from CREATE in recognition of his work in the field of teacher and administrator evaluation.

Ph.D. in Educational Administration and Planning, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1983 

M.A. in Guidance and Counseling, University of Alabama, Birmingham, 1976
B.S. in Secondary Education (History and English), University of Alabama, Birmingham, 1974 

Activities and Honors

Jason Millman Scholar, Consortium for Research on Educational Assessment and Teacher Effectiveness, 2012

Frank E. Floral Lamp of Knowledge Award, Virginia Association of Secondary School Principals, 2011

Named Honorary Faculty, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China, 2009

Finalist, Carnegie Corporation Scholars Program Fellowship, 2001

Selected Publications

Selected Books and Chapters:
Stronge J. H., Straessle, J., & Xu, X. (accepted for 2023). Surviving and thriving in the classroom: The guide for new teachers. ASCD: Alexandria VA.

Stronge J. H., & Xu, X. (2021). Qualities of effective principals (2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. (Note: Earlier edition of book published in Indonesian and Vietnamese)

Grant, L.W., Stronge, J.H., & Xu, X. Eds. (2021). Teacher effectiveness: An international perspective. Hersey, PA: IGI Global. (edited volume)

Stronge, J.H., Grant, L.W., & Xu, X. (2021 updated). Teacher evaluation and teacher effectiveness. In L. Meyer (Ed.). Oxford bibliographies in education. Oxford University Press.

Stronge J. H. (2018). Qualities of effective teachers (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. (Note: Earlier editions of book published in Arabic, Korean, Mandarin Chinese, Italian, Indonesian, Vietnamese)

Stronge J. H. (2017). World-class schools: What are they and can we get there? Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Grant, L.W., Stronge, J. H., Xu, X., Popp, P., Sun, Y., & Little, C. A. (2014). West meets east: Best practices from expert teachers in the U.S. and China. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Journal Special Issue:
Grant, L.W., Stronge, J. H. & Xu, X. (2022). Beliefs, practices, and impact of effective teachers in China working with ethnic minority students. [Special issue editors]. Chinese Education and Society.

Selected Journal Articles:
Grant, L.W., & Stronge, J. H., & Xu, X. (2022). Effective teachers in China: Making a difference with ethnic minority children. Chinese Education and Society,55(3), 119-122.

Xu, X., Grant, L.W., & Stronge, J. H. (2022). Dispositions and practices of effective teachers: Meeting the needs of at-risk minority students in China. Chinese Education and Society,55(3), 147-164.

Stronge, J. H., Ward, T. J., & Grant, L. W. (2011). What makes good teachers good? A cross-case analysis of the connection between teacher effectiveness and student achievement. Journal of Teacher Education, 62(4), 339-355.

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