State Required Assessment Information

Introduction

Applicants requesting initial teaching licensure are required to achieve passing scores on professional teacher assessments prescribed by the Board of Education.  Applicants are also required to achieve passing scores on assessments prescribed by the Curriculum and Instruction area as program requirements.  Students are encouraged to come by the Office of Teacher Education and Professional Services in the School of Education with questions regarding the testing requirements or direct your questions to Deborah Walker at [[dswalk]] or 221-2320.

Assessments Required
  • Praxis I – A reading, writing, and mathematics assessment.  Praxis I, or appropriate substitution, is required the semester prior to student teaching.
  • Praxis II – A content specific assessment (see table below for specific assessments).  Praxis II is required for program completion.
  • Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment – A reading and writing assessment.   The VCLA is required for program completion andVirginia licensure.
  • Virginia Reading Assessment (if applicable) - The VRA is required for program completion and for individuals seeking an endorsement as a reading specialist or individuals seeking initial licensure with endorsements in Elementary Education preK-6, or Special Education-General Curriculum.

Praxis I

The Praxis I assessment is an Academic Skills Assessment (Reading, Writing, and Mathematics).

Praxis I is a program requirement and must be passed by the semester prior to student teaching.

Praxis I, or appropriate substitution, consists of three one-hour multiple-choice tests--one each for mathematics, reading, and writing. The writing test includes multiple-choice questions and a 30-minute essay. The Virginia Department of Education has established the following passing scores for the test:

Praxis I (PPST)
Test Code
 Passing Score
Reading 0710 178
Writing 0720 176
Mathematics 0730 178
Composite   532

Individuals may meet the Praxis I assessment requirement by achieving the scores established by the Board of Education for each of the Praxis I tests or by achieving the established composite score on all three tests.

The Computerized-PPST provides year-round testing on Praxis I by appointment through Prometric Testing Centers.  The phone number for the Prometric Testing Center in Newport News is 873-0208. The Computerized-PPST also consists of three parts, reading, writing, and mathematics broken down as follows:

Computerized PPST 
Number of Questions 
Testing Time
Reading  46 questions  75 minutes
Writing  51 questions
1 essay
45 minutes
30 minutes
Mathematics  46 questions  75 minutes

 

There are three alternate means by which a teacher candidate may meet the Praxis I requirement in lieu of taking the full battery of Praxis I subtests (i.e., reading, writing, and math).

  • SAT Qualifying Score Option:  A composite score of 1100 on the SAT, taken after April 1, 1995, with at least a 530 on the verbal and a 530 on the mathematics tests or a score of 1000 on the SAT, taken prior to April 1, 1995, with at least a 450 on the verbal and a 510 on the mathematics test may be used as a substitute for Praxis I.
  • ACT Qualifying Score Option:  A composite score of 24 on the ACT may be substituted for Praxis I if taken after April 1, 1995, with the ACT mathematics score no less than 22 and the ACT English plus Reading scores no less than 46, or a composite score of 21 may be substituted, if taken prior to April 1, 1995, with the ACT mathematics score no less than 21 and the ACT English plus Reading scores no less than 37.
  • VCLA Qualifying Score combined with a Qualifying Score on the Mathematics Subtest of Praxis I or SAT or ACT:  A composite score of 470 on the VCLA with subtest scores of at least 235 on writing and 235 on reading may be combined with a qualifying score on the mathematics portion of the Praxis I mathematics subtest (minimum 178) or the SAT mathematics subtest (530 after April 1, 1995, or 510 prior to that date) or the ACT mathematics subtest (22 after April 1, 1995, or 21 prior to that date).

Students are responsible for providing copies of Praxis or SAT/ACT/VCLA substitution score reports to the Director of Clinical Placements and Licensure by the semester prior to student teaching.

The Praxis I assessment is given by Educational Testing Services.  Refer to the following Website for more information about the test content, test dates, costs, accommodations for individuals with disabilities, and registration:  www.ets.org/praxis.

Praxis II: Subject Assessment Test

The Praxis II is a Subject Assessment Test.  One Subject Assessment Test is required and must be taken in your teaching endorsement area and is content specific. 
 
Praxis II is a program requirement and must be passed before program completion.

Accepted Praxis II Subject Assessment Test Scores are as follows:

Specialty Area Test 
Test Code 
Passing Scores 
Endorsement Area
Biology: Content Knowledge 0235 155 Biology
Chemistry: Content Knowledge 0245 153 Chemistry
Earth and Space Sciences: Content Knowledge 0571 156 Earth Science
Elementary Education: Content Knowledge 0014 143 Elementary preK-6
English Language, Literature and Composition: Content Knowledge 0041 172 English
French: Content Knowledge 0173 169 French
German: Content Knowledge 0181 162 German
Mathematics: Content Knowledge 0061 147 Mathematics
Physics: Content Knowledge 0265 147 Physics
Social Studies: Content Knowledge 0081 161 History & Social Science
Spanish: Content Knowledge 0191 161 Spanish


The Praxis II assessments are given by Educational Testing Services.  Refer to the following Website for more information about the test content, test dates, costs, accommodations for individuals with disabilities, and registration:  www.ets.org/praxis.

Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA)

The Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA) is required for program completion and initial licensure in Virginia.  The VCLA is given by National Evaluations Systems, Pearson.  Refer to the following Website for more information about the test content, test dates, costs, accommodations for individuals with disabilities, and registration: www.va.nesinc.com.

The passing scores for the VCLA are as follows:

  • Writing Sub Test: 235
  • Reading Sub Test: 235
  • Composite Score: 470
Virginia Reading Assessment (VRA)

The Virginia Reading Assessment (VRA) is required for program completion and for  individuals seeking initial licensure with endorsements in the following areas:

  • Reading Specialist  (Test Code 002)
  • Elementary  Education preK-6 (Test Code 001)
  • Special Education – General Curriculum (Test Code 001)

The passing scores for the VRA are as follows:

  • Elementary and Special Education – 235
  • Reading Specialist – 245

The VRA is given by National Evaluations Systems, Pearson.  Refer to the following Website for more information about the test content, test dates, costs, accommodations for individuals with disabilities, and registration: www.va.nesinc.com.

Students are responsible for providing copies of the VCLA and VRA score report to the Director of Clinical Placements & Licensure.  Please note: Even if you list William & Mary as a score recipient, the School of Education will not receive a copy of your score report. We will receive your test data but not the score report.  The score report is required for licensure.  Bring or mail a photo copy of your score report to The Director of Clinical Placements & Licensure.